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年终策划 |2017雅思考试回顾分析&2018雅思考情预测 烤鸭必看!

来源:天道教育日期:2018-01-13人气:229
随着2018年元旦钟声敲响,2017年雅思考试已经成为历史,在过去的一年中,雅思考试发生了哪些大事件,题目的变化趋势怎样影响了2018年的考试,下面就让我们一起来温故知新~一、雅思大事件雅思考试历年来逐渐变得愈发火爆,去年增加杭州电子科技大学作为考点,考生可以报名英国签证及移民的雅思考试,首场考试时间为2018年2月3日,目前已经向广大考生开放报名。另外,考试费在2018年将有小幅度的上涨。报名2018年4月1日之后举行的雅思考试,报名费调整为人民币2020元。用于英国签证及移民的雅思考试和雅思生活技能类考试的报名费用仍维持不变,分别为人民币2070元和1550元。转考、退考手续费,以及此日期之前的考试报名费用均维持不变。同日,雅思额外成绩单寄送服务和成绩复议服务也将做出相应调整。其中,英国文化教育协会做出承诺,雅思额外成绩单寄送服务的处理时间将会缩短至3个工作日。在雅思成绩2年有效期中,考生可在成绩公布的1个月内最多免费申请5份额外成绩单寄送,超过1个月或从第6份申请开始,需支付手续费人民币120元/份。此外,雅思(普通类及用于英国签证及移民类)成绩复议服务(含一项或多项复议)的费用调整为人民币1400元;雅思生活技能类成绩复议费保持不变,费用为人民币1000元。二、考题规律变化雅思听力在2017年的48场考试中,听力题目总难度上升,以地图题、匹配题、选择题为首的题目数量增加,打破了填空-选择20-20的稳定局势。地图题共出现在13场考试中,平均下来,一月考察1次左右,地位不容小觑;匹配题几乎成了固定阵容,在Section2和Section3中成为了主流;选择题仍然承担难题的部分,并且多次出现在Section1这个填空题主唱的位置中。在真题回忆中,我们可以明显看出,一些高频场景话题如:Section1 常考基本信息,以咨询类为主,占43.75%;Sction2常考介绍类,主题涵盖旅游、节目、活动、环保、购物等多种题材;Section3学术讨论和作业讨论,讨论的内容通常与学生的专业或课程作业息息相关,包含生物、商务、体育、地质、汽车、医疗等等;section4仍为专业的学术讲座,讲座内容主要包含动物、艺术、历史、健康、科技、环境、考古等,这些话题还是需要考生们好好准备,才能做到有的放矢。雅思阅读从题型上说,判断题在考试中的出现次数居高不下,48场考试中共出现83次。匹配题和选择题紧跟其后,共出现47次和46次;填空题的出现频率最低,整体也提高了试卷的难度。从出题数量中看,出现最多的是判断题,共出现406次。第二多的是配对题,共有235题。这个题型难度大,而出现的题目总数如此之多,甚至一场考试三篇文章都有考察,题目数量达到12-15题。接下来是填空题。这个题型的出现对于大家来说应该是好消息:因为此题型相对简单,大家只要掌握方法,勤加练习,做对的概率是很大的。雅思写作回顾2017年写作考试,整体是比较稳定的,并没有出现过多变化。大小作文题型依旧,小作文依然围绕线柱饼表,地图流程和组合图考查,并没有出现全新题型。大作文依旧是观点讨论利弊报告以及复合类题目的考查。Task 1在2017年写作小作文部分,柱状图出现的频率是最高的,占比1/3,其次是地图题,出现了7次,与之相比,线形图、饼状图、流程图等其他图形考试频率并不是很高。但是,由于小作文的出题规律不稳定,建议考生在准备小作文的时候每个图形都练到,不要抱有侥幸心理。Task 22017年的48场考试中,观点题占主流,出题频率高达46%,讨论题屈居第二,占比21%,利弊类的题目位居第三名,出题频率是17%,报告类和组合型题目出现频率较低,各有4次。写作的基本格局并未发生变化。从话题部分统计,教育类、社会类、生活类是最常考的三类话题,共考察28次,政府类、科技类、媒体类、交通类、犯罪类等话题频率依次递减。雅思口语Part 1在2017年,持续出现Part1和Part2互换题目的情况,如Advertisement题目。另外,Part1出现了在已有话题的基础上加入新的、更加细化题目的趋势。Part 1新题:NameThe meaning of your name?Newspaper & ComputerWill you use more computer in the future?Do you like reading news from newspaper or on mobile phone?High school lifeWho is your favorite high school teacher?Do you still meet your high school classmates?The first day in your high school?BoatDo you like rowing boat?Have you had a trip by ship/boat?Do you want to buy a boat?RainDo you like raining?Do you prefer to take an umbrella or wear a raincoat when it is raining?What would you do when you don’t take the raincoat or umbrella?EatingWhen do you usually eat?Who do you want to eat with?TeenagersDo you spend much time with teenagers?What do you think about teenagers’ fashion?Part22017年雅思口语Part 2一共出现题卡184个,其中1-4月和5-8月出现的话题卡居多,分别达到64和63个, 9-12月的话题卡数量相对减少,为57个。题卡按照话题划分一共分为四大类,分别是人物类,物品类,地点类,事件类。(Part 2新题见Part 3部分)Part 3Part3 一直是口语考试中最难的一个环节,也是冲高分的关键所在。2017年口语Part 3部分,出现过的题目划分为高频话题和高频变化形式两大类,高频话题包括男女平等问题、科技问题、文化价值观、运动与健康问题、工作问题、媒体类、教育问题、城市化问题等9大问题。熟悉大作文话题的同学发现这和大作文的题目话题有惊人的相似,确实如此,所以非常建议各位烤鸭把part3问题和大作文联和在一起准备会更高效哦。高频形式包括性别差异对比、未来的走向、年龄差异对比、事物优缺点的列举和比较等4大形式。Part 2&3新题:Part 2Describe an occasion that people are all smiling.You should say:What it wasWhen and where it happenedWho participated in this thingAnd explain how you feel about itPart3Why do people smile?Why do people smile when they take photos?When should people express real feelings?Who should people show real feelings to?When people should not show real feelings?Tell me about express emotion.Why do most people not good at expressing feelings?How do young people express their feelings.?Part 2Describe your dream home.You should say:Where this place isWhat it is likeWhen you want to live thereAnd explain why you want to live in such place.Part3Do most Chinese people like to live in an apartment or house?Do young people in your country like to live with their parents or by themselves?Do Chinese people like to rent a place to live?Would you live in a foreign country in the future?How is modern home design (both inside and outside appearance) in your country different to that of the past?In your country, what type of home do most people live in?Part2Describe a piece of furniture in your home.You should say:What it isWhat materialWho bought itHow or why you use itPart3In your country, where do people buy the furniture for their homes?What factors do people need to consider when buying furniture for the home?Why do some people like to buy expensive furniture?Do you think the style is important?What’s the difference between furniture in the office and furniture at home?Part2Describe a business person you admire.You should say:Who he/she isWhat his/her business isWhat you know about him or herAnd why you admire him or herPart3What kinds of business are popular in your country?If you had the opportunity, what kinds of business would you do?What age do people want to retire in your country?Would young people in your country like to open their own business or find a job?Would people want to do online business or run a company in reality?Part2Describe a traditional product in your country.You should say:What is itThe first time you tried itHow to make itExplain why you like itPart3Did the products made in the past have better quality than the ones made now?What effects do traditional products have on tourism?Is it necessary to protect tradition?Do you think teenagers should learn about tradition?What kinds of traditions are popular in your country?What other traditional products in your hometown.Are these traditional products attractive?Part2Describe a rule at your school that you agree or disagree.You should say:What is the ruleWhy this rule has to be establishedWhat will happen if we break down this ruleWhy do you agree or disagree with this ruleWhat are the positive and negative effects of this rulePart3Should companies have rules?Should companies decide how long the working hours are?What kinds of rules do Chinese families have?Do you think strict rules are necessary in school?Should students involve in rule-making?Part2Describe an exciting book.You should say:When you read this bookWhat is the content of the bookHow do you know this bookAnd explain why you find this book excitingPart3Which group would read more, young people or old people?What’s the difference between men and women in their reading habits?Which gender reads more, male or females?Is it necessary for parents to read stories to their children?Part2Describe an achievement that you are proud of.You should say:What it wasHow you did itWhat difficulties have you encountered during the processWhy you are proud of this achievementPart3What kinds of achievement should young people have?Is it important to set goals?Should old people set goals for themselves?What kind of employees should be rewarded?What does better working condition means?Should people be allowed to rest in work hours?Part2Describe a leisure facility(cinema, theatre, sports center) you would like to have in your hometown.You should say:What it isWhere it is locatedWho can use itWhy do you choose this facilityPart3Would people change their way of entertainment as they grow older?What do young people do for fun?Do you think entertainment methods will be home-based in the future?What kinds of leisure facilities are popular in your country?Do you think it’s important to take some time off work or study and do some leisure activities?Part2Describe an experience when you pleased with your mobile phone.You should say:When it happenedWhere it happenedWho you were withWhy you felt happy by using your cellphonePart3Do most people have mobile phones in your country?Will the use of cellphone cause any problems to others?What do people use cellphones for?What are the advantages of having a mobile phone?Are children allowed to use mobile phones in your country?What are the effects when someone is making a lot noise by using mobile phones in a public place?Part2Describe an interesting place in your country that not many tourists get there.You should say:Where it is locatedWhy it is interestingWhat you can do thereWhy are few people go therePart3What kinds of tourist sites are popular in your country?What can governments do to prevent pollution in tourist sites?What are the advantages of visiting less known places?What are the disadvantages when there are too many tourists in one site?Part2Describe an interesting person from another country you know or hear.You should say:who this person iswhat kind of person he or she isHow you know this personand tell your feelings about this personPart3Do you think communicating with foreigners is a good way to learn about foreign culture?What are the disadvantages of working for an international company?What kinds of problems will people have when they travel or live in a foreign country?Do you like to make friends with people from other countries?三、考生成绩总结2017年考生普遍沿袭2016年及以前的成绩趋势,即听力、阅读成绩普遍好于写作、口语成绩,对小分有要求的同学要注意,不能光冲一些科目的高分,以提升整体的分数,如果写作、口语小分达不到标准,也是很糟糕的。四、2018年考试趋势预测听力预测雅思听力场景部分并无太大变化。Section 1主要场景依然为旅游、住宿、求职、活动安排、课程咨询及服务咨询。Section 2仍然会以旅游、咨询类主题为主。Section 3还将继续以校园学习和生活为主要考察内容。Section 4主要考察讲座、独白信息。考生需要注意基本词汇的拼写,不要拼错。阅读预测2018年将会出现科技类和社会类文章难度增加的趋势。一方面,科技类文章所用语言涉及到比较多的术语和难以理解的原理或过程,而社会类文章中一些细分的领域同样会用到比较抽象的表达,尤其是出现在第三篇文章下的社会类文章。考生最好增加课外阅读量。写作预测在2018年写作考试方面,Task 1着重准备柱形图和地图,除此之外,线形图、饼状图和流程图也是需要准备的重点。Task 2重点准备观点类、讨论类、利弊类题目,话题以社会类和教育类为主。其次,加强混合型题目的训练。口语预测2018年的口语考试在每个变题季中会使用同一套题目,难度与数量不会有本质变化;尤其是Part 1部分的题库会基本上维持一个稳定的状态,不会有太多新题出现,但可能会在旧题的基础上创造出一些新题。至于Part 2和Part 3的考试题库在整体数量以及话题分类的比例上与2017年不会有显著差异。
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